If you’re looking to learn how to knit, you’ve come to the right place! In this blog post, we’ll take you through the basics of knitting step by step, with plenty of pictures to help guide you along the way. By the end, you’ll be ready to start your first knitting project!
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Introduction to Knitting
Whether you want to make a simple scarf or a more complex sweater, learning how to knit is a great way to create beautiful and unique items that you can enjoy for years to come. It may seem daunting at first, but with a little practice you’ll be knitting like a pro in no time.
This guide will teach you the basics of knitting, from how to hold the needles and yarn to simple stitches and more. We’ve also included step-by-step instructions for some easy projects that you can try once you’ve mastered the basics. So grab some yarn and needles and let’s get started!
The Knitting Needles
There are two types of knitting needles: straight and circular. Straight needles are the most common type and are typically used for projects like scarves, afghans, and sweaters. Circular needles are great for hats and other projects that require you to knit in the round.
Before you can start knitting, you need to choose the right yarn for your project. There are many different types of yarn available on the market, from wool and acrylic to cotton and bamboo. The type of yarn you choose will depend on what you’re knitting, as well as your personal preferences. For example, wool is a warm and sturdy fabric, making it ideal for winter sweaters. Acrylic is a cheaper alternative to wool that is still durable and easy to care for. Cotton is perfect for summer garments like t-shirts and tank tops. And bamboo yarn is a good choice if you’re looking for a sustainable option.
Once you’ve chosen the perfect yarn, you need to select the right size needles. Needle size is important because it determines how tight or loose your stitches will be. If you’re using a chunky yarn, you’ll need big needles so that your stitches aren’t too tight. If you’re using a thin yarn, you’ll need small needles so that your stitches aren’t too loose.
There are two basic types of stitches, the knit stitch and the purl stitch. The only difference between them is which side of the needle the yarn is wrapped around.
The knit stitch is the most basic stitch and is produced by wrapping the yarn around the needle from back to front and then inserting the needle into the next stitch, as shown in Figure 1a.
To complete the stitch, wrap the yarn around the needle again and pull it through both loops on the needle (Figure 1b). You have now completed one knit stitch! You will continue knitting in this manner until you have reached the end of your row or round.
The purl stitch is slightly more complicated than a knit stitch but once you get the hang of it, it’s just as easy to do. Start by holding your needle with the stitches in your left hand and wrap the yarn around your needle from front to back (Figure 2a).
Next, insert your needle into the first stitch on your left-hand needle from back to front (Figure 2b), then wrap the yarn around your needle again and pull it through both loops on your needle (Figure 2c). You have now completed one purl stitch!
Assuming you have already gathered your supplies, learned the basic stitches, and are now ready to start your first project, here are a few ideas to get you started. These projects are ranked from easy to more challenging, so you can gradually build your skills as you go.
Simple Knit Dishcloth
This project is perfect for beginners. It uses only the knit stitch, so it’s a great way to practice your newly learned skill. And when you’re finished, you’ll have a beautiful and functional dishcloth for your kitchen.
Garter Stitch Scarf
This scarf is another great project for beginners. It uses only the knit stitch, so it will be a quick and easy project. And it’s the perfect way to keep warm in the colder months.
This hat is a bit more challenging than the scarf, but it’s still a great project for beginners. You’ll need to know how to knit in the round, but don’t worry, it’s not as difficult as it sounds. And once you’re finished, you’ll have a cozy and stylish hat to keep you warm all winter long.
There are two main types of knit stitches – the knit stitch and the purl stitch. The basic knit stitch is made by inserting the needle into the Front Loop only (FLO) of the stitch on the needle, wrapping the yarn around the needle, and then drawing the yarn through both loops on the needle. You have now made one new stitch and there is one loop left on the needle.
There are many abbreviations used in knitting patterns. Following is a list of the most common, with an explanation of what they mean.
BO means “bind off”. This is the term used for taking your work off the needles when you’re finished.
CO means “cast on”. This is the term used for putting your stitches onto the needle at the start of your work.
The word “decrease”, or dec for short, means to make your band of stitches smaller by working 2 or more stitches together. This may be done in a variety of ways, depending on what kind of decrease you want to achieve and how it will look in your pattern. The most common way to decrease is to knit 2 stitches together (k2tog). This will make 1 stitch disappear and leave you with 1 less stitch on your needle than you started with. Other ways to decrease include slip-stitch knitting (ssk) and passing the slipped stitch over (psso). These methods will also result in 1 less stitch on your needle than when you started.
The word “increase”, or inc for short, means to make your band of stitches larger by working 1 extra stitch into your work. There are a few different ways that this can be done, depending on how you want your increase to look in your pattern and which method will best achieve that look. The most common way to increase is by making a yarn over (yo). This creates a new loop of yarn on your needle which will count as an extra stitch when you work it on the next row or round. Another way to increase is by knitting into the front and back loops (kfb) of a stitch, which also creates an extra loop on your needle. Both methods will result in 1 more stitch on your needle than when you started. Sometimes eqls/inc(s) may be abbreviated as just “inc” meaning “increase(s)”
The Knitting Tools
In order to knit, you will need several tools. The first is a pair of knitting needles. Knitting needles come in all sorts of different sizes, materials, and shapes. The size of the needle will determine the gauge, or width, of your stitches; the material will determine how slippery or “grippy” your needles are; and the shape will determine how easy it is to hold your yarn while you’re knitting. You can use any size, material, or shape of needle for any project, but it’s generally recommended that beginners start with medium-sized needles made out of a smooth, slippery material like metal or plastic.
The second tool you will need is yarn. Yarn comes in all sorts of different fibers, colors, thicknesses, and styles. For your first project, it’s recommended that you use a medium-weight yarn in a light color like white or cream. This will help you see your stitches more easily as you learn how to knit.
The last tool you will need is a tapestry needle. This is a small needle with a blunt tip that is used for weaving in ends and sewing together knit pieces. You will also need some scissors for cutting your yarn when you are finished with your project.
The Knitting Tips
The word “knit” comes from the Old English word cnyttan, which means “to tie, knot, or make by interlacing yarn or thread.” The word “knitting” can be used as a noun or a verb. As a noun, knitting refers to the finished handiwork—the actual garments or other items that are created from the knitting process. As a verb, knitting means the creation of those finished items.
The Knitting Techniques
In order to start knitting, you will need to know some basic techniques. These include the following:
-Casting on: This is the process of creating the initial stitches on the needle.
-Knit stitch: The knit stitch is the most basic stitch and is achieved byinserting the right needle into the front of the loop on the left needle, wool over needle and pull through (to create a new loop on the right needle), then slip the old loop off the left needle.
-Purl stitch: The purl stitch is similar to the knit stitch but is done by insertingthe right needle into the back of the loop on the left needle, wool over and pull through, then slip old loop off left needle.
-Binding off: This is the process of finishing your knitting project so that your stitches do not unravel. To bind off, knit two stitches, then use your left needle to lift the first stitched over the second and offthe needles; knit one more stitch; repeat until all stitches are bound off.